News from Governance 20.12.2012

News from Governance 201.12.2012 - An International Journal of Policy, Administration, and Institutions

Co-Editors: Alasdair S. Roberts and Robert H. Cox. Book Review Editor: Clay Wescott. Editorial Assistant: Genevieve Butler. The GOVERNANCE blog

South Korea election Photo by Jens-Olaf Walter.

South Korea: How new presidents appoint ministers

Park Guen-hye was the winner of yesterday's South Korean presidential election. One of her next challenges, following her inauguration in February, will be appointing ministers in the new government. In an article published online by Governance this week, Sung Deuk Hahm, Kwangho Jung, and Sam Youl Lee examine patterns in the appointment of ministers between 1980 and 2008. The shift toward a democratic presidency has been accompanied by a shift away from technocratic ministerial appointments. But presidents now have a habit of shuffling ministers too frequently. The average ministerial appointment is now only one year -- not long enough for ministers to counter the power of career bureaucrats. Free access to the article.

Generator in Delhi Diesel generator in Delhi. Photo by Hiroo Yamagata.

India's blackouts: How history shapes current policy

Last summer's massive blackouts provoked widespread discussion about failures in Indian governance. In the lead commentary of the new issue of Governance (26.1, January 2013), Sunila Kale and Rahul Mukherji suggest that current problems in the power sector are partly the result of the "powerful effects of historical institutional arrangements." They contrast troubles in the power sector with telecommunications, "one of the country's most vibrant and efficiently regulated economic spaces." The contrast, they argue, can be traced back to colonial-era decisions that had the effect of centralizing responsibility for telecommunications policy, while leaving the power sector largely to state governments. Free access to this commentary.

The Limits of Institutional Reform in Development (Cambridge University Press.)

Andrews: Why reforms in developing countries fail

Professor Matt Andrews of Andrews LimitsHarvard University's Kennedy School of Government, a member of the Governance editorial board, has just published a new book, The Limits of Institutional Reform in Development (Cambridge University Press.) The book "explains why many institutional reforms in developing countries have limited success and suggest ways to overcome these limits." Pre-order on Amazon.

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